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Glossary

Bezel Setting

The earliest known technique of attaching stones to jewelry was bezel setting. A bezel is a strip of metal bent into the shape and size of the stone and then soldered to the piece of jewelry.

Braid

Braiding is a weaving technique that dates back approximately 30,000 years, marking it among the earliest art forms in human history, and has roots and interpretations in every major world culture. Braids are often used figuratively to represent interconnectedness and unity.

Brass

Brass is a metal alloy made of copper and zinc, and is often used in jewelry and for decoration for its bright gold-like appearance. Its high malleability and strength has made it a cultural cornerstone throughout Europe and Asia since antiquity.

Burnish Setting

A burnish setting is a term for setting a stone directly into metal using gravers, also called burins, which are essentially tiny chisels. After the stone is inserted into the space, a burnishing tool is then used to push the metal all around the stone. The stone will be roughly flush with the surface, with a burnished or rubbed edge around it.

Diamond

Diamond is considered one of the four precious stones, together with emerald, ruby and sapphire. The hardest known natural material on earth, the Diamond, in its rarity and beauty, is a symbol of purity, innocence, love and fidelity.

Diamond is the birthstone of April.

Emerald

Emerald is considered one of the four precious stones, together with diamond, ruby and sapphire.

Emerald is the birthstone of May.

Fishtail Braid

A fishtail braid was called the "Grecian braid" in the 19th century. This style resembles a French braid in its smoothly woven appearance, and divides into two main sections.

Gold

Gold is a lustrous, precious metal that has been used for fine jewelry, coinage, and other arts, and even, in the form of a gold standard, as a monetary policy between nations. Gold is associated with perfect or divine principles, as well as wisdom of aging and fruition.

Macrame

Macrame is a form of textile-making using knotting rather than weaving or knitting. Originated by the ancient Babylonians, the technique has long been crafted by sailors, especially in elaborate or ornamental knotting forms, to decorate anything from knife handles to bottles to parts of ships.

Moonstone

Moonstone is a rock-forming mineral known for its unique sheen, and has been used in jewelry for centuries. Both the Romans and Greeks associated Moonstone with their lunar deities, believing it was born from solidified rays of the moon.

Onyx

Onyx is a banded variety of mineral, with colors that span a range of nearly every hue. In ancient times it was used to make bowls and other pottery items, and has a long history of use for artistic carving and jewelry.

Pavé Setting

Pave is a term that refers to stones that are set directly into metal, very closely together (about 1 millimeter apart), covering a piece’s surface. “Pavé” comes from the French for “cobblestoned.”

Ruby

Ruby is considered one of the four precious stones, together with diamond, emerald and sapphire. Throughout history and across cultures rubies have been believed to have various positive effects and mystical properties, and are considered the stone of love, energy, passion, and power.

Ruby is the birthstone of July.

Sapphire

Sapphire is considered one of the four precious stones, together with diamond, emerald and ruby. While typically associated with the color blue, natural "fancy" sapphires also occur in yellow, purple, orange, green and white. Sapphires are believed to symbolize wisdom, virtue, and good fortune.

Sapphire is the birthstone of September.

Sterling Silver

Silver is a precious metal that has been used throughout history for fine jewelry, coinage, and other arts, and has an enduring role in most human cultures. Silver is representative of purity, strength, clarity, and focus, and has a deep significance in spirituality and connection with the higher self.

Sterling silver has a minimum purity of 92.5%, the highest purity suitable for jewelry.

Turquoise

Turquoise is a rare blue-to-green mineral that has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years for its unique hue. The name turquoise is derived from the French “turques" for “Turks," because the mineral was first brought to Europe from Turkey. Turquoise is believed by some ancient cultures to have the power of protection, and is seen by many as a symbol of wealth.

Turquoise is a birthstone of December.